We recently developed a rat model of relapse after voluntary abstinence from methamphetamine self-administration that is based on behavioral treatments in humans with substance use problems. In the present study, we extend this work to heroin self-administration, demonstrating that when rats are given the opportunity to lever press for access to a social partner, they will abstain from lever pressing for heroin infusions. We also show that social choice–induced voluntary abstinence decreases the time-dependent increases in heroin seeking after cessation of drug self-administration (incubation of heroin craving). Lastly, we introduce a novel fully automated social self-administration and choice procedure.
Biol Psychiatry, 86 (11), pp. 848–856, 2019, ISSN: 1873-2402 (Electronic); 0006-3223 (Linking).