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Featured Research Papers

A figure from this month's paper.
A figure from this month's paper.

Featured Paper Archives
Featured paper of the Month!

July's Featured Paper!

Basal Hippocampal Activity and Its Functional Connectivity Predicts Cocaine Relapse

Biol Psychiatry. 2015 Jan 30. pii: S0006-3223(15)00045-1

Bryon Adinoff, Hong Gu, Carmen Merrick, Meredith McHugh, Haekyung Jeon-Slaughter, Hanzhang Lu, Yihong Yang, and Elliot A. Stein

BACKGROUND: Cocaine-induced neuroplastic changes may result in a heightened propensity for relapse. Using regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) as a marker of basal neuronal activity, this study assessed alterations in rCBF and related resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) to prospectively predict relapse in patients following treatment for cocaine use disorder (CUD).

METHODS: Pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling functional magnetic resonance imaging and resting blood oxygen level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired in the same scan session in abstinent participants with CUD before residential treatment discharge and in 20 healthy matched control subjects. Substance use was assessed twice weekly following discharge. Relapsed participants were defined as those who used stimulants within 30 days following treatment discharge (n = 22); early remission participants (n = 18) did not.

RESULTS: Voxel-wise, whole-brain analysis revealed enhanced rCBF only in the left posterior hippocampus (pHp) in the relapsed group compared with the early remission and control groups. Using this pHp as a seed, increased rsFC strength with the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC)/precuneus was seen in the relapsed versus early remission subgroups. Together, both increased pHp rCBF and strengthened pHp-PCC rsFC predicted relapse with 75% accuracy at 30, 60, and 90 days following treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: In CUD participants at risk of early relapse, increased pHp basal activity and pHp-PCC circuit strength may reflect the propensity for heightened reactivity to cocaine cues and persistent cocaine-related ruminations. Mechanisms to mute hyperactivated brain regions and delink dysregulated neural circuits may prove useful to prevent relapse in patients with CUD.

You can read more about this paper at the website for PubMed.

June's Featured Paper!

R-Modafinil Attenuates Nicotine-Taking and Nicotine-Seeking Behavior in Alcohol-Preferring Rats

Neuropsychopharmacology 2015 Jun;40(7):1762-71

Xiao-Fei Wang, Guo-Hua Bi, Yi He, Hong-Ju Yang, Jun-Tao Gao, Oluyomi M Okunola-Bakare, Rachel D Slack, Eliot L Gardner, Zheng-Xiong Xi, and Amy Hauck Newman

You can read more about this paper at the website for PubMed.

May's Featured Paper!

Central role for the insular cortex in mediating conditioned responses to anticipatory cues

PNAS January 27, 2015 vol. 112 no. 4 1190-1195

Ikue Kusumoto-Yoshida, Haixin Liu, Billy T. Chen, Alfredo Fontanini, and Antonello Bonci

You can read more about this paper at the website for PNAS.

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Hot off the Press Archives
Featured paper of the Month!

Allosteric interactions between agonists and antagonists within the adenosine A2A receptor-dopamine D2 receptor heterotetramer

PNAS June 22, 2015, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1507704112

Jordi Bonaventura, Gemma Navarro, Verònica Casadó-Anguera, Karima Azdad, William Rea, Estefanía Moreno, Marc Brugarolas, Josefa Mallol, Enric I. Canela, Carme Lluís, Antoni Cortés, Nora D. Volkow, Serge N. Schiffmann, Sergi Ferré, and Vicent Casadó

Adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR)-dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) heteromers are key modulators of striatal neuronal function. It has been suggested that the psychostimulant effects of caffeine depend on its ability to block an allosteric modulation within the A2AR-D2R heteromer, by which adenosine decreases the affinity and intrinsic efficacy of dopamine at the D2R. We describe novel unsuspected allosteric mechanisms within the heteromer by which not only A2AR agonists, but also A2AR antagonists, decrease the affinity and intrinsic efficacy of D2R agonists and the affinity of D2R antagonists. Strikingly, these allosteric modulations disappear on agonist and antagonist coadministration. This can be explained by a model that considers A2AR-D2R heteromers as heterotetramers, constituted by A2AR and D2R homodimers, as demonstrated by experiments with bioluminescence resonance energy transfer and bimolecular fluorescence and bioluminescence complementation. As predicted by the model, high concentrations of A2AR antagonists behaved as A2AR agonists and decreased D2R function in the brain.

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Sigma-1 receptor regulates Tau phosphorylation and axon extension by shaping p35 turnover via myristic acid

PNAS May 11, 2015, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1422001112

Shang-Yi A. Tsai, Michael J. Pokrass, Neal R. Klauer, Hiroshi Nohara, and Tsung-Ping Su

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Mesopontine median raphe regulates hippocampal ripple oscillation and memory consolidation

Nat Neurosci. 2015 Apr 13. doi: 10.1038/nn.3998. [Epub ahead of print]

Dong V Wang, Hau-Jie Yau, Carl J Broker, Jen-Hui Tsou, Antonello Bonci, and Satoshi Ikemoto

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